Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis Characteristics Spondyloarthropathy affecting 5/1000 of the Caucasian population – only 10% develop significant symptoms. Predominantly a genetic aetiology (>90%) with HLA B27 conferring…



Achilles tendonopathy/rupture

Achilles tendonopathy/rupture Characteristics Describes pathology of the combined tendon of the gastro-soleus complex, which inserts onto the calcaneum. Three stages of injury: Paratenonitis. Tendonosis with…